• Chapter 14 - Cosmic Samples and The Origins of the Solar System
    • 14.1 Meteors
      • Learning Objectives
        • Explain what a meteor is and why it is visible in the night sky
        • Describe the origins of meteor showers
    • 14.2 Meteorites: Stones from Heaven
    • 14.3 Formation of the Solar System
      • Learning Objectives
        • Describe the motion, chemical, and age constraints that must be met by any theory of solar system formation
        • Summarize the physical and chemical changes during the solar nebula stage of solar system formation
        • Explain the formation process of the terrestrial and giant planets
        • Describe the main events of the further evolution of the Solar System
    • 14.4 Comparison With Other Planetary Systems
      • Learning Objectives
        • Describe how the observations of protoplanetary disks provides evidence for the existence of other planetary systems
        • Explain the two primary methods for detection of exoplanets
        • Compare the main characteristics of other planetary systems with the features of the Solar System
    • 14.5 Planetary Evolution
  • Chapter 21 - The Birth of Stars and the Discovery of Planets Outside the Solar System
    • 21.1 Star Formation
      • Learning Objectives
        • Identify the sometimes-violent processes by which parts of a molecular cloud collapse to produce stars
        • Recognize some of the structures seen in images of molecular clouds like the one in Orion
        • Explain how the environment of a molecular cloud enables the formation of stars
        • Describe how advancing waves of star formation cause a molecular cloud to evolve
    • 21.2 The H-R Diagram and the Study of Stellar Evolution
      • Learning Objectives
        • Determine the age of a protostar using an H-R diagram and the protostar's luminosity and temperature
        • Explain the interplay between gravity and pressure, and how the contracting protostar changes its position in the H-R diagram as a result
    • 21.3 Evidence that Planets Form Around Other Stars
      • Learning Objectives
        • Trace the evolution of dust surrounding a protostar, leading to the development of rocky planets and gas giants
        • Estimate the timescale for growth of planets using observations of the disks surrounding young stars
        • Evaluate evidence for planets around forming stars based on the structures seen in images of the circumstellar dust disks
    • 21.4 Planets Beyond the Solar System: Search and Discovery