# Logic Gates

• Performs a basic operation on electrical signals
• Accepts one or more inputs and produces a single output signal
• Easiest gates to make are NOT, NAND, and NOR gates

## NOT

• Accepts an input
• Output is inverted of input
• An inverter
• Boolean algebra:
• A'
• The mark comes after a value being negated
• Sometimes shown as horizontal bar over value being negated
• Logic diagram:

AOutput
01
10

## AND

• Accepts two inputs
• Outputs 1 if both inputs are 1
• Outputs 0 if either input is 0
• Boolean algebra:
• A â€¢ B or A * B or AB or A ^ B

000
010
100
111

## OR

• Accepts two inputs
• Outputs 0 if both inputs are 0
• Outputs 1 otherwise
• Boolean algebra:
• A + B or A v B

000
011
101
111

## XOR

• Exclusive OR
• Only differs from an OR if both inputs are 1
• "When I say or, I mean one or the other, not both."
• Accepts two inputs
• Outputs 0 if the two inputs are the same
• Outputs 1 otherwise
• Boolean algebra:
• Circle with a plus in it

000
011
101
110

## NAND

• NOT + AND
• It's an AND gate that gets inverted
• Accepts two inputs
• Outputs 0 if both are 1
• Outputs 1 otherwise
• Boolean algebra:
• (A â€¢ B)'

001
011
101
110

## NOR

• NOT + OR
• It's an OR gate that gets inverted
• Accepts two inputs
• Outputs 1 if both input is 0
• Outputs 0 otherwise
• Boolean algebra:
• (A + B)'