• Past events together with the laws of nature bring about all future events
    • All action is determined to go one specific way
    • There are no choices in acting other than the way one will act
  • Laws of physics are deterministic and govern everything
    • Given the state of the universe at any one time, the laws of physics determine all of history
    • If you could rewind history and run it again from exactly from the same starting point, history would be exactly repeated