• Something about us is over and above the purely material, physical stuff
  • Argument for dualism
    • Can thought, feelings, experience, reason, etc. be fully explained in purely physical terms?

Substance Dualism

  • View that minds and brains are different kinds of things
  • Allows for a mind to exist after the brain dies off
    • They are independently existing things
  • Split into two categories:
    • Popular Dualism
      • The mind is like a ghost that resides within the body
    • Cartesian Dualism
      • The mind is a non-physical substance that doesn't exist in space

Property Dualism

  • View that there's only one kind of thing but two kinds of properties
  • The mind cannot exist after the brain dies off
    • They are not independently existing things